The first #slaves imported to America did not see themselves as “African” but rather as #Temne, #Igbo, or #Yoruban. In Becoming African in America, James Sidbury reveals how an #Africanidentity emerged in the late eighteenth-century Atlantic world, tracing the development of “African” from a degrading term connoting savage people to a word that was a source of pride and unity for the diverse victims of the Atlantic slave trade.
In this wide-ranging work, Sidbury first examines the work of black writers–such as Ignatius Sancho in England and Phillis Wheatley in America–who created a narrative of African identity that took its meaning from the #diaspora, a narrative that began with #enslavement and the experience of the #MiddlePassage, allowing people of various ethnic backgrounds to become “African” by virtue of sharing the #oppression of #slavery. He looks at political activists who worked within the emerging antislavery moment in England and North America in the 1780s and 1790s; he describes the rise of the African church movement in various cities–most notably, the establishment of the African Methodist Episcopal Church as an independent denomination–and the efforts of wealthy sea captain Paul Cuffe to initiate a black-controlled emigration movement that would forge ties between #SierraLeone and blacks in #NorthAmerica; and he examines in detail the efforts of blacks to emigrate to Africa, founding Sierra Leone and Liberia.
Elegantly written and astutely reasoned, Becoming African in America weaves together intellectual, social, cultural, religious, and political threads into an important contribution to #AfricanAmericanhistory, one that fundamentally revises our picture of the rich and complicated roots of #Africannationalist thought in the U.S. and the #blackAtlantic.
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