An exploration into the criminal justice system in America today and its impact on young African American males, this book challenges the linking of crime and race and the conservative anti-welfare, hard-on-crime agenda. Jerry Miller has spent a lifetime studying and challenging our criminal justice system. He has worked to make it more progressive and more just. He has watched as it turned into a system of segregation and control for many Americans of color. That is the story told here in devastating detail. In this new edition, the author re-evaluates his original theses and places the book’s predictions in a contemporary political context. The new edition includes new chapters as well as a new prologue and epilogue.